Split rail fence is commonly made of cedar because of the wood’s durability and resistance to decay even when left unfinished. Split rail fences often have a rustic look. The styles mimic the look and appearance of fences built in the early days of settlement, when metal fasteners, nails and screws were a rarity. One of the most rustic fence designs, strongly emblematic of the simple country life, the split rail fence is composed of just that: two or perhaps three split rails, or logs, inserted into two equally rough-finished wooden posts, which are anchored in the ground. It is, perhaps, the simplest fence design, but also one of the least effective as a barrier; it provides neither privacy nor security. You can easily see through the rails of the fence to what’s on the other side, and most split rail fences are low enough to easily climb or even jump over.