Dining room wainscoting, when added to your dining room walls, adds texture and visual interest to a dining room by covering the lower portion of the walls with wooden paneling. Wainscoting is actually a type of wall decorating first used in America during colonial times. Traditionally, it was used to cover the lower third of a wall in order to protect it from water damage arising from a cracked foundation. Today, it is used to add architectural interest to any wall. Wainscoting can be as simple as a flat panel, a panel with a raised design or beadboard, which features vertical lines about two inches apart. It usually is topped with molding, which is often called a “chair rail.” After all, dining room wainscoting is a simple decorating addition, but adds an element of traditional elegance to a dining room.